Received September 02, 1994,Revised , Accepted , Available online

Volume 8,1996,Pages 77-85

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Air pollution history of sulphur and heavy metals since 1800 in Chengde City , north China,was studied by analyzing the concentrations of sulphur and heavy metals in growth rings of Pinus tabulaeformis Carr. Sulphur concentrations in the tree rings of 1910-1920, 1970-1980,and 1980-1990 have increased 1-2 , 3-5 and 10 times respectively as those in the tree ring of 1810-1820 (P<0. 05). This is ascribed to the result of urbanization, especially the appearance and aggravation of industrialization, in the city of Chengde since 1950s. Fe appeared to increase during 1920-1940, possibly due to the opening of Damiao Iron Mine by the Japanese in 1927; Mn increased throughout the whole history, from 4. 1 μg/g(1840- 1850) to 10. 4 μg/g (1980 1990,P <0. 05);Pb did not increase until 1980 but increased sharply during the last 10 years by 560%(P<0. 001). This is caused by the increased number of automobiles in the city. The contents of Cu,Zn, Ni have changed little. The concentrations of sulphur and heavy metals in the tree rings at the beginning of 1800s were the lowest and could be regarded as the background concentrations.We calculated that S, Fe, Pb, Mn, Ni, and Zn in the tree rings have increased 10, 2.4,1.8,1.5,1.0 and 0. 8 times respectively during the past 190 years or so. The results showed that serious environmental pollution, especially air pollution of SO2,has occurred since 1949 when the People's Republic of China was founded.

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