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Received May 14, 2003,Revised April 01, 2003, Accepted , Available online

Volume 16,2004,Pages 513-519

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Advanced closed chamber system was used to study the fate of phenanthrene (3-rings PAHs) in the presence of linear alkylbenzene sulphonates(LAS). The results showed mineralization and metabolism of phenanthrene are fast in the “culture solution lava plant air" model ecological system. The distribution proportions of applied 14C activity in this simulative ecological system were 41%—45%, 14% to 10% and 1% in plant, lava and culture solution respectively, and 18% to 29%, 11% to 8% recovered in the forms of VOCs and CO2. Main parts of the applied 14C-activity exist in two forms, one is polar metabolites(25%) which mainly distribute in the root(23%), the other is unextractable part(23%) which have been constructed into plant root(8 98%), shoot(0 53%) or bonded to lava(13.2%). The main metabolites of phenanthrene were polar compounds(25% of applied 14C-activity), and small portion of 14C-activity was identified as non polar metabolites(6% of applied 14C-activity) and apparent phenanthrene(1.91% of applied 14-C-activity). Phenanthrene and its metabolites can be taken up through plant roots and translocated to plant shoots. The presence of LAS significantly increased the the concentration of 14C-activity in the plant and production of VOCs, at the same time it decreased the phenanthrene level in the plant and the production of CO2 at the concentration of 200 mg/L.

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