Aquatic environment

Denitrification potential enhancement by addition of external carbon sources in a pre-denitrification process


PENG Yong-zhen , MA Yong , WANG Shu-ying

DOI:

Received March 28, 2006,Revised July 17, 2006, Accepted , Available online

Volume 19,2007,Pages 284-289

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The aim of this study is to investigate the denitrification potential enhancement by addition of external carbon sources and to estimate the denitrification potential for the predenitrification system using nitrate utilization rate (NUR) batch tests. It is shown that the denitrification potential can be substantially increased with the addition of three external carbon sources, i.e. methanol, ethanol, and acetate, and the denitrification rates of ethanol, acetate, and methanol reached up to 9.6, 12, and 3.2 mg N/(g VSS?h), respectively, while that of starch wastewater was only 0.74 mg N/(g VSS?h). By comparison, ethanol was found to be the best external carbon source. NUR batch tests with starch wastewater and waste ethanol were carried out. The denitrification potential increased from 5.6 to 16.5 mg NO3-N owing to waste ethanol addition. By means of NUR tests, the wastewater characteristics and kinetic parameters can be estimated, which are used to determine the denitrification potential of wastewater, to calculate the denitrification potential of the plant and to predict the nitrate effluent quality, as well as provide information for developing carbon dosage control strategy.

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