Atmospheric environment

Investigation on emission factors of particulate matter and gaseouspollutants from crop residue burning

CAO Guoliang , ZHANG Xiaoye , GONG Sunling , ZHENG Fangcheng


Received March 05, 2007,Revised May 23, 2007, Accepted , Available online

Volume 20,2008,Pages 50-55

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Emission factors of particulate matter (PM), element carbon (EC), organic carbon (OC), SO2, NOx, CO, CO2, and ten ions (Na+, NH4+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, F-, Cl-, NO2??, NO3??, SO42-) were estimated from the domestic burning of four types of commonly produced crop residues in rural China: rice straw, wheat straw, corn stover, and cotton stalk, which were collected from the representative regions across China. A combustion tower was designed to simulate the cooking conditions under which the peasants burned their crop residues in rural China, to measure the emission factors. Results showed that wheat straw had the highest emission factor for the total PM (8.75 g/kg) among the four crop residues, whereas, corn stover and wheat straw have the highest emission factor for EC (0.95 g/kg) and OC (3.46 g/kg), respectively. Corn stover also presents as having the highest emission factors of NO, NOx, and CO2, whereas, wheat straw, rice straw, and cotton stalk had the highest emission factors of NO2, SO2, and CO, respectively. The water-soluble ions, K+ and Cl-, had the highest emission factors from all the crops. Wheat straw had a relatively higher emission factor of cation species and F-, Cl-, NO2-?? than other residues.

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