Terrestrial environment

Single and joint effects of petroleum hydrocarbons and cadmium on thepolychaete Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube

WANG Jing , ZHOU Qixing , ZHANG Qianru , ZHANG Ying2


Received March 12, 2007,Revised June 22, 2007, Accepted , Available online

Volume 20,2008,Pages 68-74

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Using the concentration gradient and combined pollutant exposure method, the single and joint e ects of petroleum hydrocarbons (PHCs) and cadmium (Cd) on polychaete Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube, an ecologically keystone species in estuarine and coastal environment, have been investigated. The results indicate that the toxicity of PHCs to P. aibuhitensis is stronger than that of Cd to the organism. There are positive correlations between the mortality of worms and the exposed concentration of single Cd or PHCs in solution. Similarly, the accumulation of Cd or PHCs in worms increased with increasing Cd- or PHC-exposed concentrations. All the correlation relationships can be described using unitary quadratic equations (Y or Z = aX2 + bX + c). It is calculated, on the basis of these expressions, that the median lethal dose (LC50) of P. aibuhitensis exposed to a single Cd or PHCs is 793.4–13567.3 and 28.0–119.9 g/L, respectively. The exposed time has some stimulative e ect on the two pollutants and on the mortality of the worms. Thus, even a low concentration of a single Cd or PHCs may have strong toxic e ects on the worms when the exposed time becomes longer. The accumulation of Cd or PHCs in worms di ers with an increase in exposure time at the given exposed concentration of a single Cd or PHCs. Noticeably, the accumulation of PHCs in worms decreases with an increase in exposure time at the given high concentration of PHCs in solution. The joint e ect of PHCs and Cd on P. aibuhitensis is very complicated and changes with the exposed concentrations of the two pollutants. At the given concentration of PHCs, the joint toxicity of the two pollutants on the worms changes from synergism to antagonism with an increase in Cd concentration. The accumulation of Cd in the worms significantly decreases with the addition of PHCs to exposure solution.

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