Aquatic environment

An innovative membrane bioreactor and packed-bed biofilm reactor combinedsystem for shortcut nitrification-denitrification

ZHANG Yunxia , ZHOU Jiti , ZHANG Jinsong , YUAN Shouzhi


Received May 01, 2008,Revised July 18, 2008, Accepted , Available online

Volume 21,2009,Pages 568-574

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An innovative shortcut biological nitrogen removal system, consisting of an aerobic submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR) and an anaerobic packed-bed biofilm reactor (PBBR), was evaluated for treating high strength ammonium-bearing wastewater. The system was seeded with enriched ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and operated without sludge purge with a decreased hydraulic retention time (HRT) through three phases. MBR was successful in both maintaining nitrite ratio over 0.95 and nitrification e ciency higher than 98% at HRT of 24 h, and PBBR showed satisfactory denitrification e ciency with very low e uent nitrite and nitrate concentration (both below 3 mg/L). By examining the nitrification activity of microorganism, it was found that the specific ammonium oxidization rate (SAOR) increased from 0.17 to 0.51 g N/(g VSS d) and then decreased to 0.22 g N/(g VSS d) at the last phase, which resulted from the accumulation of extracellular polymers substances (EPS) and inert matters enwrapping around the zoogloea. In contrast, the average specific nitrite oxidization rate (SNOR) is 0.002 g N/(g VSS d), only 1% of SAOR. Because very little Nitrobactor has been detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), it is confirmed that the stability of high nitrite accumulation in MBR is caused by a large amount of AOB.

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