Environmental biology

Isolation and characterization of Sporobolomyces sp. LF1 capable of degradingchlorimuron-ethyl

ZHANG Xiaoli , ZHANG Huiwen , LI Xu , SU Zhencheng , WANG Jingjing , ZHANG Chenggang


Received November 21, 2008,Revised March 09, 2009, Accepted , Available online

Volume 21,2009,Pages 1253-1260

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A yeast strain which was capable of degrading sulfonylurea herbicide chlorimuron-ethyl named as LF1 was isolated from a chlorimuron-ethyl contaminated soil near the warehouse of the factory producing chlorimuron-ethyl in Shenyang City, Northeast China. The strain was identified as Sporobolomyces sp., based on its morphological and physiological characteristics and the phylogenetic analysis of 18S rRNA gene sequence. So far, this is the only yeast strain of Sporobolomyces sp. which is able to degrade chlorimuronethyl. Incubation tests showed that when the initial concentration of chlorimuron-ethyl in culture was 5 mg/L, LF1 could degrade more than 77% of the herbicide after incubation for 4 d at 30°C. The possible mechanism of chlorimuron-ethyl degradation by LF1 could be the acidic hydrolysis caused by the acids from the metabolism of the yeast strain. Further study should be conducted to examine the pathways of chlorimuron-ethyl degradation by LF1 and to approach the feasibility of using LF1 to degrade the chlorimuron-ethyl in soil system.

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