Environmental analytical methods

Improved method for analyzing the degradation of estrogens in water bysolid-phase extraction coupled with ultra performance liquidchromatography-ultraviolet detection

Minggang Zheng , Ling Wang , Yuandui Bi , Feng Liu


Received March 27, 2010,Revised July 02, 2010, Accepted , Available online

Volume 23,2011,Pages 693-698

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We established an improved method for the determination of four estrogens including estriol (E3), 17 -estradiol (E2), 17 -ethynylestrodiol (EE2) and estrone (E1) in water. The method consisted of solid-phase extraction (0.5 L water) and subsequent analysis of analytes by ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) with an ultraviolet detector (UVD). Base-line separation was achieved for all studied estrogens using a column (50 mm 2.1 mm) packed with 1.7 m particle size stationary phase. Recovery was higher than 88% and detection limits ranged between 12.5–23.7 ng/L for the four estrogens, with the RSD ranging from 7% to 11%. The method was successfully applied to determine E2 and EE2 in simulated natural water, which found that about 70% of E2 was degraded (with a half-life of about 30 hr) within 48 hr and about 55% of EE2 was degraded (with a half-life of about 36 hr). Low levels of E1 were found, however E3 was undetectable during the process.

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