Special Issue: Progress & prospects of atmospheric environmental science

Vertical characteristics and source identification of PM10 in Tianjin

Zhimei Xiao , Jianhui Wu , Suqin Han , Yufen Zhang , Hong Xu , Xiaoyong Zhang , Guoliang Shi , Yinchang Feng


Received ,Revised , Accepted , Available online January 07, 2012

Volume 24,2012,Pages 112-115

Ambient PM10 (particulate matter with a diameter less than 10 μm) concentrations were measured on a 255 meter tower in Tianjin, China. The samples were collected at four vertical levels (10, 40, 120 and 220 m). Vertical characteristics for PM10 samples were studied. The results showed that the concentrations of PM10 and constituent species had a negative correlation with the sampling height. The highest concentrations of PM10 and species were obtained at the 10 m level, and the lowest concentrations were measured at the 220 m level. For the fractions of species to total mass, SO42- and NO3- had higher values (fraction) at greater height; while Ca had a higher fraction at lower height. Possible source categories for the PM10 ambient dataset were identified by the principal component analysis method. The possible source categories included crustal dust, vehicles, cement dust, and incineration as well as secondary sulfate and nitrate sources. Analysis of meteorological factors on PM10 concentrations indicated that wind speed and inversion may be the main factors contributing to different concentrations of PM10 at different heights.

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