Environmental catalysis and materials

Preparation of FexCe1-xOy solid solution and its application in Pd-only three-way catalysts

Jianqiang Wang , Meiqing Shen , Jun Wang , Mingshan Cui , Jidong Gao , Jie Ma , Shuangxi Liu


Received April 22, 2011,Revised July 19, 2011, Accepted , Available online April 06, 2012

Volume 24,2012,Pages 757-764

FeOx-CeO2 mixed oxides with increasing Fe/(Ce+Fe) atomic ratio (1-20 mol%) were prepared by sol-gel method and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and Hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR) techniques. The dynamic oxygen storage capacity (DOSC) was investigated by mass spectrometry with CO/O2 transient pulses. The powder XRD data following Rietveld refinement revealed that the solubility limit of iron oxides in the CeO2 was 5 mol% based on Fe/(Ce+Fe). The lattice parameters experienced a decrease followed by an increase due to the influence of the maximum solubility limit of iron oxides in the CeO2. TPR analysis revealed that Fe introduction into ceria strongly modified the textual and structural properties, which influenced the oxygen handling properties. DOSC results revealed that Ce-based materials containing Fe oxides with multiple valences contribute to the majority of DOSC. The kinetic analysis indicated that the calculated apparent kinetic parameters obey the compensation effect. The three-way catalytic performance for Pd-only catalysts based on the Fe doping support exhibited the redundant iron species separated out of the CeO2 and interacted with the ceria and Pd species on the surface, which seriously influenced the catalytic properties, especially after hydrothermal aging treatment.

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