Aquatic environment

Effect of chlorine content of chlorophenols on their adsorption by mesoporous SBA-15

Qingdong Qin , Ke Liu , Dafang Fu , Haiying Gao


Received September 17, 2011,Revised November 15, 2011, Accepted , Available online August 02, 2012

Volume 24,2012,Pages 1411-1417

Studies on the effect of the chlorine content of chlorophenols (CPs) on their adsorption from aqueous solution by mesoporous SBA-15 are important in understanding the mechanisms of CP adsorption. In this study, three CPs with different degrees of chlorine content (i.e., 2-chlorophenol, 2,6-dichlorophenol and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol) were investigated. The effects of parameters such as temperature and solution pH were studied. The results showed that CP adsorption by SBA-15 increased with increasing number of chlorine substituents and depended strongly on the temperature and solution pH. Thermodynamic parameters such as Gibbs free energy change (ΔG0), enthalpy change (ΔH0) and entropy change (ΔS0) were also calculated. By comparison of the adsorption coefficient of CPs with varying physical-chemical properties (size, hydrophobicity and electron density), we propose that hydrophobic interactions between CPs and the SBA-15 surface, as well as electron donor-acceptor (EDA) complexes between oxygen of the siloxane surface of SBA-15 (e--donor) and the πup-system of the CPs (e--acceptor), were dominant adsorption mechanisms.

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