Atmospheric environment

BTEX pollution caused by motorcycles in the megacity of HoChiMinh

Tran Thi Ngoc Lan , Pham Anh Minh


Received April 29, 2012,Revised September 12, 2012, Accepted , Available online February 02, 2013

Volume ,2013,Pages 348-356

Monitoring of benzene, toluene and xylenes (BTEX) was conducted along with traffic counts at 17 roadside sites in urban areas of HoChiMinh. Toluene was the most abundant substance, followed by p,m-xylenes, benzene, o-xylene and ethylbenzene. The maximum observed hour-average benzene concentration was 254 μg/m3. Motorcycles contributed to 91% of the traffic fleet. High correlations among BTEX species, between BTEX concentrations and the volume of on-road motorcycles, and between inter-species ratios in air and in gasoline indicate the motorcycle-exhaust origin of BTEX species. Daily concentrations of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p,m-xylenes and o-xylene were 56, 121, 21, 64 and 23 μg/m3, respectively. p,m-xylenes possess the highest ozone formation potential among the BTEX family.

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