Environmental health and toxicology

Determination of the mechanism of photoinduced toxicity of selected metal oxide nanoparticles (ZnO, CuO, Co3O4 and TiO2) to E. coli bacteria

Thabitha P. Dasari , Kavitha Pathakoti , Huey-Min Hwang


Received December 15, 2012,Revised February 27, 2013, Accepted , Available online May 09, 2013

Volume ,2013,Pages 882-888

Cytotoxicity of selected metal oxide nanoparticles (MNPs) (ZnO, CuO, Co3O4 and TiO2) was investigated in Escherichia coli both under light and dark conditions. Cytotoxicity experiments were conducted with spread plate counting and the LC50 values were calculated. We determined the mechanism of toxicity via measurements of oxidative stress, reduced glutathione, lipid peroxidation, and metal ions. The overall ranking of the LC50 values was in the order of ZnO3O42 under dark condition and ZnO23O4 under light condition. ZnO MNPs were the most toxic among the tested nanoparticles. Our results indicate depletion of reduced glutathione level and elevation of malondialdehyde level correlated with the increase in oxidative stress. Released metal ions were found to have partial effect on the toxicity of MNPs to E. coli. In summary, the dynamic interactions of multiple mechanisms lead to the toxicity of the tested MNPs to E. coli.

Copyright © Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press. All rights reserved.京ICP备05002858号-3