Environmental catalysis and materials

Photo-catalytic decolourisation of toxic dye with N-doped titania: A case study with Acid Blue 25

Dhruba Chakrabortty , Susmita Sen Gupta


Received July 07, 2012,Revised September 04, 2012, Accepted , Available online May 09, 2013

Volume ,2013,Pages 1034-1043

Dyes are one of the hazardous water pollutants. Toxic Acid Blue 25, an anthraquinonic dye, has been decolourised by photo-catalysing it with nitrogen doped titania in aqueous medium. The photo catalyst was prepared from 15% TiCl3 and 25% aqueous NH3 solution as precursor. XRD and TEM revealed the formation of well crystalline anatase phase having particle size in the nano-range. BET surface area of the sample was higher than that of pure anatase TiO2. DRS showed higher absorption of radiation in visible range compared to pure anatase TiO2. XPS revealed the presence of nitrogen in N-Ti-O environment. The experimental parameters, namely, photocatalyst dose, initial dye concentration as well as solution pH influence the decolourisation process. At pH 3.0, the N-TiO2 could decolourise almost 100% Acid Blue 25 within one hour. The influence of N-TiO2 dose, initial concentration of Acid Blue 25 and solution pH on adsorption-desorption equilibrium is also studied. The adsorption process follows Lagergren first order kinetics while the modified Langmuir-Hinselwood model is suitably fitted for photocatalytic decolourisation of Acid Blue 25.

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