Environmental analytical methods

Benzene, toluene and xylenes levels in new and used vehicles of the same model

Joanna Faber , Krzysztof Brodzik , Anna Golda-Kopek , Damian Lomankiewicz


Received February 01, 2013,Revised May 23, 2013, Accepted , Available online November 01, 2013

Volume ,2013,Pages 2324-2330

The aim of this work was to determine the level of benzene, toluene, o-xylene and m,p-xylene (BTX) in air samples collected from the cabins of new and used vehicles of the same model. Ten new vehicles were examined in order to check interior emission from materials used to equip the passenger compartment. In order to compare and define the impact of exhaust gases, air samples were also collected from two used cars, at different mileages (up to 20,000 km). All vehicles tested were of the same type. Samples were collected onto Carbograph 1TD sorbent, thermally desorbed and examined with the use of gas chromatography with flame ionisation and mass spectrometry detectors. All results obtained were referred to Polish and German requirements for indoor air quality (both in public buildings and in workspace environments). Average benzene, toluene, o-xylene and m,p-xylene concentrations in new cars were determined at the level of 11.8 μg/m3, 82.7 μg/m3, 21.2 μg/m3 and 89.5 μg/m3, respectively. In the used cars, BTX concentration increased with increasing vehicle mileage. The most significant increase of BTX concentration was observed above 11,000 km mileage.

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