Environmental analytical methods

Preparation, characterization and application of thiosemicarbazide grafted multiwalled carbon nanotubes for solid-phase extraction of Cd(Ⅱ), Cu(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) in environmental samples


Jie Zhang

DOI:10.1016/S1001-0742(12)60329-5

Received February 06, 2013,Revised April 02, 2013, Accepted , Available online November 01, 2013

Volume ,2013,Pages 2331-2337

Thiosemicarbazide-grafted multi-walled carbon nanotubes were prepared and employed to investigate the pre-concentration of Cd(Ⅱ), Cu(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) from aqueous solution prior to their determination by ICP-OES. The resulting material was characterized by FT-IR, TGA and SEM. Various factors influencing the separation and pre-concentration were investigated. The enrichment factor typically is 60. Under optimized experimental conditions, the maximum adsorption capacities of Cd(Ⅱ), Cu(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) were found to be 1.98, 10.94, 3.69 mg/g, and the relative standard deviations are < 3.5% (n = 6). The new adsorbent shows superior reusability and stability. The procedure was successfully applied to the determination of trace quantities of Cd(Ⅱ), Cu(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) in water samples.

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