Determinants of eco-efficiency in the Chinese industrial sector


Hidemichi Fujii , Shunsuke Managi

DOI:

Received ,Revised , Accepted , Available online March 11, 2014

Volume ,2013,Pages S20-S26

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This study measures productive inefficiency within the context of multi-environmental pollution (eco-efficiency) in the Chinese industrial sector. The weighted Russell directional distance model is applied to measure eco-efficiency using production technology. The objective is to clarify how external factors affect eco-efficiency. The major findings are that both foreign direct investment and investment for pollution abatement improve eco-efficiency as measured by air pollutant substances. A levy system for wastewater discharge improves eco-efficiency as measured by wastewater pollutant substances. However, an air pollutant levy does not significantly affect eco-efficiency as measured by air pollutants.

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