Atmospheric environment

Mechanism and kinetic properties of NO3-initiated atmospheric degradation of DDT


Cai Liu , Shanqing Li , Rui Gao , Juan Dang , Wenxing Wang , Qingzhu Zhang

DOI:10.1016/S1001-0742(13)60388-5

Received April 11, 2013,Revised November 20, 2013, Accepted , Available online March 04, 2014

Volume 26,2014,Pages 601-607

In this article, the NO3 radical-initiated atmospheric oxidation degradation of DDT was theoretically investigated using molecular orbital theory calculations. All the calculations of intermediates, transition states and products were performed at the MPWB1K/6-311+G(3df,2p)//MPWB1K/6-31+G(d,p) level of theory. Several energetically favorable reaction pathways were revealed. The formation mechanisms of secondary pollutants were presented and discussed. The rate constants were deduced over the temperature range of 273-333 K using canonical variational transition-state (CVT) theory with the small curvature tunneling (SCT) method. Our study shows that H abstraction from the alkyl group and NO3 addition to the C3 atom of the benzene ring are the dominant reaction pathways. The rate-temperature formula of the overall rate constants is k(T)(DDT+NO3) = (7.21×10-15)exp(-153.81/T) cm3/(mol.sec) over the possible atmospheric temperature range of 273-333 K. The atmospheric lifetime of DDT determined by NO3 radical is about 52.5 days, which indicates that it can be degraded in the gas phase within several months.

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