Environmental catalysis and materials

Catalytic combustion of soot over ceria-zinc mixed oxides catalysts supported onto cordierite

Leandro Fontanetti Nascimento , Renata Figueredo Martins , Rodrigo Ferreira Silva , Osvaldo Antonio Serra


Received April 19, 2013,Revised May 22, 2013, Accepted , Available online March 04, 2014

Volume 26,2014,Pages 694-701

Modified substrates as outer heterogeneous catalysts was employed to reduce the soot generated from incomplete combustion of diesel or diesel/biodiesel blends, a process that harms the environment and public health. The unique storage properties of ceria (CeO2) makes it one of the most efficient catalysts available to date. Here, we proposed that ceria-based catalysts can lower the temperature at which soot combustion occurs; more specifically, from 610℃ to values included in the diesel exhausts operation range (300-450℃). The sol-gel method was used to synthesize mixed oxide-based catalysts (CeO2:ZnO); the resulting catalysts were deposited onto cordierite substrates. In addition, the morphological and structural properties of the material were evaluated by XRD, BET, TPR-H2, and SEM. Thermogravimetric (TG/DTA) analysis revealed that the presence of the catalyst decreased the soot combustion temperature by 200℃ on average, indicating that the oxygen species arise at low temperatures in this situation, promoting highly reactive oxidation reactions. Comparative analysis of soot emission by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) showed that catalyst-impregnated cordierite samples efficiently oxidized soot in a diesel/biodiesel stationary motor: soot emission decreased by more than 70%.

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