Aquatic environment

Removal of phosphate from wastewater using alkaline residue

Yubo Yan , Xiaodong Liu , Xiuyun Sun , Fangbian Ma , Lianjun Wang , Jiansheng Li , Jinyou Shen


Received July 19, 2013,Revised October 17, 2013, Accepted , Available online April 01, 2014

Volume 26,2014,Pages 970-980

Alkaline residue (AR) was found to be an efficient adsorbent for phosphate removal from wastewater. The kinetic and equilibrium of phosphate removal were investigated to evaluate the performance of modified alkaline residue. After treatment by NaOH (AR-NaOH), removal performance was significantly improved, while removal performance was almost completely lost after treatment by HCl (AR-HCl). The kinetics of the removal process by all adsorbents was well characterized by the pseudo second-order model. The Langmuir model exhibited the best correlation for AR-HCl, while AR was effectively described by Freundlich model. Both models were well fitted to AR-NaOH. The maximum adsorption capacities calculated from Langmuir equation were in following manner: AR-NaOH > AR > AR-HCl. Phosphate removal by alkaline residue was pH dependent process. Mechanisms for phosphate removal mainly involved adsorption and precipitation, varied with equilibrium pH of solution. For AR-HCl, the acid equilibrium pH (< 6.0) was unfavorable for the formation of Ca-P precipitate, with adsorption as the key mechanism for phosphate removal. In contrast, for AR and AR-NaOH, precipitation was the dominant mechanism for phosphate removal, due to the incrase on pH (> 8.0) after phosphate removal. The results of both XRD and SEM analysis confirmed CaHPO4·2H2O formation after phosphate removal by AR and AR-NaOH.

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