Extraction and characterization of bound extracellular polymeric substances from cultured pure cyanobacterium (Microcystis wesenbergii)

Lizhen Liu , Boqiang Qin , Yunlin Zhang , Guangwei Zhu , Guang Gao , Qi Huang , Xin Yao


Received October 08, 2013,Revised January 20, 2014, Accepted , Available online August 28, 2014

Volume 26,2014,Pages 1725-1732

Preliminary characterization of bound extracellular polymeric substances (bEPS) of cyanobacteria is crucial to obtain a better understanding of the formation mechanism of cyanobacterial bloom. However, the characterization of bEPS can be affected by extraction methods. Five sets (including the control) of bEPS fromMicrocystis extracted by different methods were characterized using three-dimensional excitation and emission matrix (3DEEM) fluorescence spectroscopy combined chemical spectrophotometry; and the characterization results of bEPS sampleswere furthercompared. The agents used for extractionwereNaOH, purewater and phosphate buffered saline (PBS) containing cationic exchange resins, and hot water. Extraction methods affected the fluorescence signals and intensities in the bEPS. Five fluorescence peaks were observed in the excitation and emissionmatrix fluorescence spectra of bEPS samples. Two peaks (peaks T1 and T2) present in all extractions were identified as protein-like fluorophores, two (peaks A and C) as humic-like fluorophores, and one (peak E) as a fulvic-like substance. Among these substances, the humic-like and fulvic-like fluorescenceswere only seen in the bEPS extracted with hot water. Also, NaOH solution extraction could result in strong fluorescence intensities compared to the other extractionmethods. Itwas suggested thatNaOH at pH 10.0was the most appropriate method to extract bEPS from Microcystis. In addition, dialysis could affect the yields and characteristics of extracted bEPS during the determination process. These results will help us to explore the issues of cyanobacterial blooms.

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