Atmospheric sulfur hexafluoride in-situ measurements at the Shangdianzi regional background station in China


Bo Yao , Lingxi Zhou , Lingjun Xia , Gen Zhang , Lifeng Guo , Zhao Liu , Shuangxi Fang

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2014.03.004

Received January 11, 2014,Revised April 05, 2014, Accepted , Available online December 22, 2014

Volume 26,2014,Pages 2451-2458

We present in-situ measurements of atmospheric sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) conducted by an automated gas chromatograph-electron capture detector system and a gas chromatography/mass spectrometry system at a regional background site, Shangdianzi, in China, from June 2009 to May 2011, using the System for Observation of Greenhouse gases in Europe and Asia and Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE) techniques. The mean background and polluted mixing ratios for SF6 during the study period were 7.22 × 10-12 (mol/mol, hereinafter) and 8.66 × 10-12, respectively. The averaged SF6 background mixing ratios at Shangdianzi were consistent with those obtained at other AGAGE stations located at similar latitudes (Trinidad Head and Mace Head), but larger than AGAGE stations in the Southern Hemisphere (Cape Grim and Cape Matatula). SF6 background mixing ratios increased rapidly during our study period, with a positive growth rate at 0.30 × 10-12 year-1. The peak to peak amplitude of the seasonal cycle for SF6 background conditions was 0.07 × 10-12, while the seasonal fluctuation of polluted conditions was 2.16 × 10-12. During the study period, peak values of SF6 mixing ratios occurred in autumn when local surface horizontal winds originated from W/WSW/SW/SWS/S sectors, while lower levels of SF6 mixing ratios appeared as winds originated from N/ NNE/NE/ENE/E sectors.

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