Molecular approaches for the detection and monitoring of microbial communities in bioaerosols: A review

Keunje Yoo , Tae Kwon Lee , Eun Joo Choi , Jihoon Yang , Sudheer Kumar Shukla , Sang-il Hwang , Joonhong Park


Received April 27, 2016,Revised July 04, 2016, Accepted July 08, 2016, Available online July 25, 2016

Volume 29,2017,Pages 234-247

Bioaerosols significantly affect atmospheric processes while they undergo long-range vertical and horizontal transport and influence atmospheric chemistry and physics and climate change. Accumulating evidence suggests that exposure to bioaerosols may cause adverse health effects, including severe disease. Studies of bioaerosols have primarily focused on their chemical composition and largely neglected their biological composition and the negative effects of biological composition on ecosystems and human health. Here, current molecular methods for the identification, quantification, and distribution of bioaerosol agents are reviewed. Modern developments in environmental microbiology technology would be favorable in elucidation of microbial temporal and spatial distribution in the atmosphere at high resolution. In addition, these provide additional supports for growing evidence that microbial diversity or composition in the bioaerosol is an indispensable environmental aspect linking with public health.

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