In-situ synthesis of TiO2 rutile/anatase heterostructure by DC magnetron sputtering at room temperature and thickness effect of outermost rutile layer on photocatalysis

Wang Hui , Shi Guodong , Zhang Xiaoshu , Zhang Wei , Huang Lin , Yu Ying


Received December 30, 2016,Revised March 08, 2017, Accepted , Available online October 23, 2017

Volume 29,2017,Pages 33-42

TiO2 rutile/anatase heterostructure thin films with varying rutile thickness have been in-situ synthesized via DC magnetron sputtering with Ar gas at room temperature. The crystal texture, surface morphology, energy gap and optical properties of the films have been investigated by X-ray diffraction meter, grazing incidence X-ray diffraction meter, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and UV–visible spectrophotometer, which indicates that the rutile/anatase heterostructure films are successfully fabricated. The further degradation experiments display that the photocatalytic activity can be dramati-cally affected by the thickness of the outmost rutile layer and the 100 nm thickness exhibits the best performance in all of the TiO2 thin films. With the increase of the outmost rutile layer, the optical band gap of TiO2 film displays a systematic decrease slightly. However, the change in photocatalytic activity does not coincide with that in the band gap. The photoresponse and electrochemical properties of the thin films have been characterized to understand the mechanism of the varied photocatalytic activity.

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