Size-resolved effective density of submicron particles during summertime in the rural atmosphere of Beijing, China


Kai Qiao , Zhijun Wu , Xiangyu Pei , Qianyun Liu , Dongjie Shang , Jing Zheng , Zhuofei Du , Wenfei Zhu , Yusheng Wu , Shengrong Lou , Song Guo , Chak K. Chan , Ravi Kant Pathak , Mattias Hallquist , Min Hu

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2018.01.012

Received August 29, 2017,Revised , Accepted January 16, 2018, Available online February 02, 2018

Volume 30,2018,Pages 69-77

Particle density is an important physical property of atmospheric particles. The information on high time-resolution size-resolved particle density is essential for understanding the atmospheric physical and chemical aging processes of aerosols particles. In the present study, a centrifugal particle mass analyzer (CPMA) combined with a differential mobility analyzer (DMA) was deployed to determine the size-resolved effective density of 50 to 350 nm particles at a rural site of Beijing during summer 2016. The measured particle effective densities decreased with increasing particle sizes and ranged from 1.43 to 1.55 g/cm3, on average. The effective particle density distributions were dominated by a mode peaked at around 1.5 g/cm3 for 50 to 350 nm particles. Extra modes with peaks at 1.0, 0.8, and 0.6 g/cm3 for 150, 240, and 350 nm particles, which might be freshly emitted soot particles, were observed during intensive primary emissions episodes. The particle effective densities showed a diurnal variation pattern, with higher values during daytime. A case study showed that the effective density of Aitken mode particles during the new particle formation (NPF) event decreased considerably, indicating the significant contribution of organics to new particle growth.

Copyright © Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press. All rights reserved.京ICP备05002858号-3