Preparation of SGO-modified nanofiltration membrane and its application in SO42 − and Cl− separation in salt treatment

Yanjun Zhang , Changwei Zhao , Shaofeng Zhang , Ling Yu , Jiding Li , Li-an Hou


Received ,Revised , Accepted , Available online

Volume 31,2019,Pages 183-192

The lack of fresh water in the world makes the search for an effective method to decontaminate water an urgent priority. An important step is to remove different multivalent ions in salt treatment. Nanofiltration (NF) has been used for treating water containing different kinds of salts. In this work, sulfonate group-modified graphene oxide (SGO) was prepared, and added during the interfacial polymerization (IP) reaction to prepare SGO-modifiedNF membranes (PA-SGO). The chemical composition, structure and surface properties of PA and PA-SGO membranes were characterized by FT-IR, XPS, SEM, AFM, contact angle and zeta potential measurements. Their water flux, salt rejection and anti-fouling abilities were investigated systematically. The testing results showed that the water flux of PA-SGO (0.03% SGO) was 45.85 LMH under a pressure of 0.2 MPa, and the salt rejection varied in the order of Na2SO4 (98.99%) > MgSO4 (91.25%) > MgCl2 (42.27%) > NaCl (21.96%). An anti-fouling experiment indicated that the PA-SGO membrane had good anti-fouling properties because of its decreased roughness and increased hydrophilicity and electronegativity. The PA-SGO membrane has good potential for use in removing salt ions from water.

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