Effect of air masses motion on the rapid change of aerosols in marine atmosphere


Jinpei Yan , Qi Lin , Miming Zhang , Shuhui Zhao , Liqi Chen

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2019.04.005

Received January 14, 2019,Revised , Accepted April 08, 2019, Available online April 13, 2019

Volume 31,2019,Pages 217-228

The impact of air masses motion on marine aerosol properties was investigated using an on-board single particle mass spectrometer (SPAMS) deployed for the determination of single particle size resolved chemical composition over Southeast China Sea. Two aerosol blooms (E1 and E2) were observed during the cruise. High average particle number count occurred in E1 (7320), followed by E2 (5850), which was more than 100–150 times of the average particle number count during normal periods. Particles were classified as four major sources, including continental source, shipping source, marine source, and transport source based on the mass spectral similarity. Transport source was identified as those particles with high particle number count occurred only during aerosol bloom period. Three sub-types of EC-Ca, OC-Ca, and Al-rich were classified as transport source. EC-Ca was the dominant particles of the transport source, accounting for more than 70% of the total particles in aerosol bloom events. A uni-modal size distribution in the size range of 0.1–2.0 μm was observed during normal period, while a bimodal distribution with a tiny mode (< 0.3 μm) and a coarse mode between 0.4 and 0.6 μm was present during aerosol bloom. The variation of aerosol source is consistent with air masses back trajectories, for the reason that most of the long-range air trajectories are from the ocean, while short air trajectories originate in the continental regions, which means that air masses have a significant impact on the aerosol physical–chemical properties along their tracks.

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