Environmental biology

Stimulatory e ects of biosurfactant produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosaBSZ-07 on rice straw decomposing

ZHANG Qiuzhuo , CAI Weimin , WANG Juan


Received October 11, 2007,Revised December 27, 2007, Accepted , Available online

Volume 20,2008,Pages 975-980

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Biosurfactant, produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa BSZ-07, was added to the rice straw decomposing process to enhance the production of reducing sugars. Observed by Fourier Transform InfraRed (FT-IR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis, the purified biosurfactant was considered as a mixture of RL1 and RL2, which are two di erent types of rhamnolipids. Two di erent adding methods, adding the purified rhamnolipid and the on-site production of it were compared. The results showed that 0.5 g/L was the optimum concentration for adding purified rhamnolipid and the optimum temperature for on-site production was 30°C for the first 48 h and 34°C for the next 48 h. Under the optimum conditions, these two adding methods could improve the production of reducing sugar to 2.730 and 2.504 g/L, which was 22.30% and 12.20% higher than that of the rhamnolipid-free sample, respectively, which indicated that both of them were more e ective than any other kind of surfactant discussed in this article. As the on-site production of rhamnolipid could omit the purification process, thus reducing the production cost e ectively, it seemed to be a prospective adding method of the biosurfactant for enhancing rice straw decomposing.

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