Aquatic environment

Removal of fluoride from water using aluminium containing compounds


M. Karthikeyan , K. P. Elango

DOI:

Received December 22, 2008,Revised April 21, 2009, Accepted , Available online

Volume 21,2009,Pages 1513-1518

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Batch adsorption studies were undertaken to assess the suitability of aluminium titanate (AT) and bismuth aluminate (BA) to remove fluoride ions from water. The e ect of pH, dose of adsorbent, contact time, initial concentration, co-ions and temperature on fluoride removal e ciency were studied. The amounts of fluoride ions adsorbed, at 30°C from 4 mg/L of fluoride ion solution, by AT and BA were 0.85 and 1.55 mg/g, respectively. The experimental data fitted well to the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms. Thermodynamic parameters such as H0, S 0 and G0 indicated that the removal of fluoride ions by AT was exothermic and non-spontaneous while that by BA was endothermic and spontaneous. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) analysis and X-ray di raction (XRD) patterns of the adsorbent before and after adsorption indicated that fluoride ions were chemisorbed by these adsorbents.

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