Aquatic environment

Particle properties in granular activated carbon filter duringdrinking water treatment

Tao Lin , Wei Chen , Leilei Wang


Received July 21, 2009,Revised October 29, 2009, Accepted , Available online

Volume 22,2010,Pages 681-688

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The elemental composition and bacteria attached in particles were investigated during granular activated carbon (GAC) filtration. The experimental results showed that trapped influent particles could form new, larger particles on GAC surface. The sloughing of individuals o GAC surface caused an increase in e uent particles in the size range from 5 to 25 m. The selectivity for element removal in GAC filters caused an increasing proportion of metallic elements in the e uent particles. The distribution of molar ratio indicated a complicated composition for large particles, involving organic and inorganic substances. The organic proportion accounted for 40% of total carbon attached to the particles. Compared with dissolved carbon, there was potential for the formation of trihalomethanes by organic carbon attached to particles, especially for those with size larger than 10 m. The pure carbon energy spectrum was found only in the GAC e uent and the size distribution of carbon fines was mainly above 10 m. The larger carbon fines provided more space for bacterial colonization and stronger protection for attached bacteria against disinfection. The residual attached bacteria after chorine disinfection was increased to 102–103 CFU/mL within 24 hours at 25°C.

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