Regular articles

Aqueous stability and mobility of C60 complexed by sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate surfactant

Xianjia Peng , Yue Yuan , Hongyu Wang , Chuan Liang


Received March 26, 2015,Revised May 23, 2015, Accepted May 28, 2015, Available online August 15, 2015

Volume 28,2016,Pages 89-96

Surfactant complexation may have significant effects on the environmental behavior of nano-particles. In order to understand the ecological exposure of nano-materials, it is important to determine the stability and mobility of surfactant-complexed nano-materials in aqueous systems. In this study, the aggregation and transport of C60 complexed by the surfactant sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) were investigated. It was found that SDBS-complexed C60 had a ζ-potential of − 49.5 mV under near-neutral pH conditions and remained stable during an aging period of 15 days. It had a critical coagulation concentration of 550 mmol/L for NaCl, which was higher than common natural colloids and many kinds of raw nano-materials, and was comparable to those of many kinds of surface-modified nano-materials. SDBS enhanced the stability of C60 colloid; however, at the same time, it also enhanced the colloidal particle aggregation rate. Much higher mobility was found for SDBS-complexed C60 than C60 colloid. Increase in ionic strength, Ca2+ concentration or Al3+ concentration decreased the mobility. In general, SDBS-complexed C60 had high stability and mobility.

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