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Effects of pentachlorophenol on the detoxification system in white-rumped munia (Lonchura striata)

Peng Jiang , Jianshe Wang , Jinguo Zhang , Jiayin Dai


Received July 06, 2015,Revised October 11, 2015, Accepted October 14, 2015, Available online January 19, 2016

Volume 28,2016,Pages 224-234

Pentachlorophenol (PCP), a priority pollutant due to its persistence and high toxicity, has been used worldwide as a pesticide and biocide. To understand the adverse effects of PCP, adult male white-rumped munias (Lonchura striata) were orally administrated commercial PCP mixed with corn oil at dosages of 0, 0.05, 0.5, and 5 mg/(kg·day) for 42 day. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) analysis found that PCP was preferentially accumulated in the kidney rather than in the liver and muscle in all exposure groups. To examine the function of CYP1A in pollutant metabolism, we isolated two full-length cDNA fragments (designated as CYP1A4 and CYP1A5) from L. striata liver using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and rapid amplification of cDNA ends. PCP induced the expression of CYP1A5, although no obvious change was observed in CYP1A4 expression. Furthermore, PCP significantly elevated the activities of ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase and methoxyresorufin O-demethylase and decreased the activity of benzyloxy-trifluoromethyl-coumarin, with no significant responses observed in benzyloxyresorufin O-debenzylase. PCP induced significant changes in antioxidant enzyme (superoxide dismutase and catalase) activities and malondialdehyde content, but decreased glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and glutathione S-transferase activities and GSH content in the liver of L. striata. The present study demonstrated that PCP had hepatic toxic effects by affecting CYP1As and anti-oxidative status.

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