Kinetic study on photocatalytic degradation of Acid Orange 52 in a baffled reactor using TiO2 nanoparticles

Payam Zanganeh Ranjbar , Bita Ayati , Hossein Ganjidoust


Received March 18, 2018,Revised , Accepted June 20, 2018, Available online November 04, 2018

Volume 31,2019,Pages 213-224

In this study, a baffled photocatalytic reactor was used for the treatment of colored wastewater containing the azo dye of Acid Orange 52 (AO52). A study on the active species of the photocatalytic process using TiO2 nanoparticles indicated that hydroxyl radical and superoxide have the greatest contribution to the dye degradation process respectively. Given that a level of biological oxygen demand/chemical oxygen demand (BOD5/COD) equal to 0.4 was achieved after about 5 hr from the beginning of the experiment, the reactor seems to be capable of purifying the wastewater containing AO52 dye after this time in order to discharge into a biological treatment system to continue the treatment process. The results of the liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) test showed that during the first 4 hr of the experiment, with the breakdown of the azo bond, the contaminant was decomposed into the benzene annular compounds with less toxicity indicating a reduction in the toxicity of wastewater after removing the dye agent. The study on the kinetics of these reactions followed the pseudo-first-order kinetic model in all conditions and corresponded well to Langmuir–Hinshelwood model. According to the kinetic model for the simultaneous occurrence of possible pathways, the kinetic constant of production and degradation of intermediate products in optimal conditions was estimated to be between 0.0029 and 0.0391 min 1.

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