Recent Published Articles

The key role of inoculated sludge in fast start-up of sequencing batch reactor for the domestication of aerobic granular sludge

Xiao-chun Wang , Zhong-lin Chen , Jing Kang , Xia Zhao , Ji-min Shen , Liu Yang


Received May 25, 2018,Revised , Accepted August 29, 2018, Available online September 07, 2018

Volume 78,0,Pages 127-136

Two types of inoculated sludges, granular sludge that had been stored at − 20°C and activated sludge, were investigated for the domestication of aerobic granular sludges (AGSs) in sequencing batch reactors (SBRs). The results showed that using the stored granular sludge as inoculation sludge could effectively shorten the domestication time of AGS and yielded mature granular sludge after 22 days of operation. The AGS domesticated by stored granular sludge had better biomass and sedimentation properties; its MLSS and SVI reached 8.55 g/L and 35.27 mL/g, respectively. The removal efficiencies for chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonium nitrogen (NH4+-N) and total phosphorus (TP) reached 90.76%, 97.39% and 96.40%, respectively. By contrast, 54 days were needed to obtain mature granules using activated sludge. The microbial community structure was probed by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and high-throughput sequencing. The results showed that the diversity of the microbial community in mature granules was reduced when stored granular sludge rather than activated sludge was employed as inoculation sludge, and the dominant microbes were changed. The dominant species in mature granules domesticated using stored granular sludge were Zoogloea, Acidovorax and Tolumonas at the genus classification level, while the dominant species were Zoogloea and TM7-genera in granules developed from activated sludge.

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