Release of deposited MnO2 nanoparticles from aqueous surfaces

Xiaoliu Huangfu , Hainan Wang , Ruixing Huang , Chengxue Ma , Xiaoling Li , Caihong Liu , Qiang He , Zhengsong Wu , Jun Ma


Received August 29, 2019,Revised , Accepted December 17, 2019, Available online December 31, 2019

Volume 32,2020,Pages 234-243

Changes in solution chemistry and transport conditions can lead to the release of deposited MnO2 nanoparticles from a solid interface, allowing them to re-enter the aqueous environment. Understanding the release behavior of MnO2 nanoparticles from naturally occurring surfaces is critical for better prediction of the transport potential and environmental fate of MnO2 nanoparticles. In this study, the release of MnO2 nanoparticles was investigated using a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D), and different environmental surface types, solution pH values and representative macromolecular organics were considered. MnO2 nanoparticles were first deposited on crystal sensors at elevated NaNO3 concentrations before being rinsed with double-deionized water to induce their remobilization. The results reveal that the release rate of MnO2 depends on the surface type, in the decreasing order: SiO2 > Fe3O4 > Al2O3, resulting from electrostatic interactions between the surface and particles. Moreover, differences in solution pH can lead to variance in the release behavior of MnO2 nanoparticles. The release rate from surfaces was significantly higher at pH 9.8 that at 4.5, indicating that alkaline conditions were more favorable for the mobilization of MnO2 in the aquatic environment. In the presence of macromolecular organics, bovine serum albumin (BSA) can inhibit the release of MnO2 from the surfaces due to attractive forces. In presence of humic acid (HA) and sodium alginate (SA), the MnO2 nanoparticles were more likely to be mobile, which may be associated with a large repulsive barrier imparted by steric effects.

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