Studies on relationships between air pollutants and allergenicity of Humulus Scandens pollen collected from different areas of Shanghai

Qingyue Wang , Senlin Lu , Chuanhe Yao , Shumin Zhou , Yichun Lin , Luying Zhang , Junyang Zeng , Lanfang Rao , Wei Zhang , Yafeng Dai , Hong Li , Weiqian Wang , Tao WANG , Jianmin CHEN , Abdelwahid Mellouki , Christian GEORGE , Yujing MU


Received August 19, 2019,Revised , Accepted March 17, 2020, Available online April 30, 2020

Volume 32,2020,Pages 43-48

Pollen pollution and allergy are becoming prominent issues in China. However, few studies on pollinosis have been reported. As an allergen in the atmosphere, allergenic Humulus scandens pollen was collected from four districts of Shanghai, including Wusong (WS), Jiading (JD), Xujiahui (XJH) and Songjiang (SJ). The mass concentrations of SO2, NO2, O3, PM10, and PM2.5 (particulate matter with air dynamic diameter less than 10 and 2.5 µm, respectively) near the four sampling sites were also recorded during Humulus scandens pollen season. The allergenicity of the Humulus scandens pollen was assessed by using of a rat model and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Relationships between the allergenicity and air pollutants were correlated. Our results demonstrated that the biological viability of the pollens collected from the four districts exhibited no significant differences. ELISA and dot blotting results further demonstrated that the serum of sensitized rats exhibited much higher immune-reactive response than that of control groups. Western blotting showed that the 15 KD (1KD = 1000 dalton) proteins of Humulus pollen led to the allergic response. The allergenic intensity of Humulus pollen protein from different samples followed the pattern: WS > JD > XJ > SJ. There was a negative relationship between the allergenicity of Humulus pollens and PM10 (R = -0.99) / PM2.5 (R = -0.73), and a positive relationship with O3 (R = 0.92). These data clearly showed that PM10 and PM2.5 could enhance Humulus pollen protein release, and O3 could aggravate the allergenicity of the Humulus pollen.

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