Degradation of ofloxacin using peroxymonosulfate activated by nitrogen-rich graphitized carbon microspheres: Structure and performance controllable study

Yuping Wang , Changsheng Feng , Chen Chen , Yu Zhu , Qi Cao , Chao Chen , Caiyun Jiang


Received February 20, 2020,Revised , Accepted June 01, 2020, Available online June 23, 2020

Volume 33,2021,Pages 10-20

Nitrogen-rich graphitized carbon microspheres (NGCs) with hierarchically porous were constructed by self-assembly. Under different heat treatment conditions, the structure, morphology and properties of NGCs were studied by using multiple characterization techniques. The results showed that the chemical microenvironments (e.g. surface chemistry, degree of graphitization and defective, etc.) and microstructures properties (e.g. morphology, specific surface area, particle size, etc.) could be delicately controlled via thermal carbonization processes. The degradation of ofloxacin (OFLX) by NGCs activated peroxymonosulfate (PMS) was studied systematically. It was found that the synergistic coupling effect between optimum N or O bonding species configuration ratio (graphitic N and C=O) and special microstructure was the main reason for the enhanced catalytic activity of NGC-800 (calcination temperature at 800°C). Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments and radical quenching experiments indicated that the hydroxyl (OH), sulfate (SO4•−) and singlet oxygen (1O2) were contributors in the NGC-800/PMS systems. Further investigation of the durability of chemical structures and surface active sites revealed that undergo N bonding species configuration reconstruction and cannibalistic oxidation during PMS activation reaction. The used NGC-800 physicochemical properties could be recovered by heat treatment to achieve the ideal catalytic performance. The findings proposed a valuable insight for catalytic performance and controllable design of construction.

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