Degradation of carbamazepine by MWCNTs-promoted generation of high-valent iron-oxo species in a mild system with O-bridged iron perfluorophthalocyanine dimers

Wangyang Lu , Zhiguo Zhao , Moyan Zhou , Nan Li , Yuyuan Yao , Wenxing Chen


Received December 16, 2019,Revised , Accepted July 03, 2020, Available online July 16, 2020

Volume 33,2021,Pages 260-266

Metal phthalocyanine has been extensively studied as a catalyst for degradation of carbamazepine (CBZ). However, metal phthalocyanine tends to undergo their own dimerization or polymerization, thereby reducing their activity points and affecting their catalytic properties. In this study, a catalytic system consisting of O-bridged iron perfluorophthalocyanine dimers (FePcF16-O-FePcF16), multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and H2O2 was proposed. The results showed MWCNTs loaded with FePcF16-O-FePcF16 can achieve excellent degradation of CBZ with smaller dosages of FePcF16-O-FePcF16 and H2O2, and milder reaction temperatures. In addition, the results of experiments revealed the reaction mechanism of non-hydroxyl radicals. The highly oxidized high-valent iron-oxo (Fe(IV)=O) species was the main reactive species in the FePcF16-O-FePcF16/MWCNTs/H2O2 system. It is noteworthy that MWCNTs can improve the dispersion of FePcF16-O-FePcF16, contributing to the production of highly oxidized Fe(IV)=O. Then, the pathway of CBZ oxidative degradation was speculated, and the study results also provide new ideas for metal phthalocyanine-loaded carbon materials to degrade emerging pollutants.

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