Simple and rapid determination of dioxin in fish and sea food using a highly sensitive reporter cell line, CBG 2.8D

Bin Zhao , Gangdou Ding , Lingyun Wang , Songyan Zhang , Shuaizhang Li , Qunhui Xie , Li Xu , Zhiguang Zhou , YinFeng He


Received March 03, 2020,Revised , Accepted July 06, 2020, Available online August 18, 2020

Volume 100,2021,Pages 353-359

Food, especially animal origin food is the main source of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) for human exposure. So, a simple, rapid and cheap bioassay method is needed for determination of dioxins in food samples. In this study, we used a new highly sensitive reporter cell line to determine the concentration of dioxins in 33 fish and seafood samples. The samples were extracted by shaking with water/isopropanol (1:1 v/v) and hexane and cleaned-up by a multi layered silica gel column and an alumina column, then analyzed using CBG 2.8D cell line. We compared the results obtained from the CBG 2.8D cell assay to those obtained from conventional High-Resolution Gas Chromatography–High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (HRGC–HRMS) analysis. Good correlations were observed between these two methods (r2=0.93). While the slope of regression line was 1.76, the bioanalytical equivalent (BEQ) values were 1.76 folds higher than WHO-TEQ values and the conversion coefficient was 0.568 (the reciprocal of 1.76). In conclusion, CBG 2.8D cell assay was an applicable method to determine dioxins levels in fish and sea food samples.

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