Nitrogen-enriched micro-mesoporous carbon derived from polymers organic frameworks for high-performance capacitive deionization

Weixuan Ou , Jianpei Zhang , Xun-an Ning , Danping Li , Yi Wang , Xiaojun Lai


Received January 03, 2021,Revised , Accepted March 08, 2021, Available online April 16, 2021

Volume 34,2022,Pages 282-291

Nitrogenization is an effective method for improving the capacitive deionization (CDI) performance of porous carbon materials. In particular, polymer organic frameworks with heteroatom doping, containing an ordered pore structure and excellent electrochemical stability, are ideal precursors for carbon materials for high-performance CDI. In this study, a nitrogen-enriched micro-mesoporous carbon (NMC) electrode was fabricated by carbonizing a Schiff base network-1 at 500, 600, and 700 °C. Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption-desorption, the contact angle of water, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to characterize the morphological structure, wettability, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface areas, and electrochemical performance of the NMCs. The results showed that the NMC carbonized at 600°C achieved the best specific capacitance (152.33 F/g), as well as a high electrosorption capacity (25.53 mg/g) because of its chemical composition (15.57% N) and surface area (312 m2/g). These findings prove that NMC is viable as an electrode material for desalination by high-performance CDI applications.

Copyright © Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press. All rights reserved.京ICP备05002858号-3