Combined amendment reduces soil Cd availability and rice Cd accumulation in three consecutive rice planting seasons

Bohan Liao , Wenjun Yang , Shilong Wang , Hang Zhou , Min Zeng , Jingyi Zhang , Fang Huang , Shiping Shan , Zhaohui Guo , Hongwei Yi , Zhiguang Sun , Jiaofeng Gu


Received September 21, 2020,Revised , Accepted March 11, 2021, Available online March 26, 2021

Volume 34,2022,Pages 141-152

The scientific application of stabilized materials has been considered an effective method for the in situ remediation of Cd-contaminated soil. This study aimed to investigate the persistence of the effect of a combined amendment of limestone and sepiolite (LS) on soil Cd availability and accumulation in rice grown in a mildly Cd-contaminated paddy field (0.45 mg/kg of Cd) over three consecutive rice seasons. 1125–4500 kg/ha of LS was applied to the soil before the first rice planting season and 562.5–2250 kg/ha of LS was supplemented before the third rice planting season. The application of LS (1125–4500 kg/ha) increased the soil pH by 0.44–1.09, 0.18–0.53, and 0.42–0.68 in the first, second, and third season, respectively, and decreased the soil acid-extractable Cd content by 18.2–36.4%, 17.7–33.5%, and 9.6–17.6%. LS application significantly decreased the Cd contents in the rice tissues. The application of 4500 kg/ha of LS decreased the Cd content in brown rice to below the National Food Limit Standard of 0.2 mg/kg (GB 2762-2017) in the three consecutive rice seasons. However, the effect of LS on the soil-rice system was significantly weakened in the third season. The supplementary application of 562.5–2250 kg/ha of LS further decreased the Cd content in brown rice by 26.1–56.5% and decreased the health risk index by 23.7–43.8%. Therefore, it was recommended to apply 4500 kg/ha of LS in the first season and to supplement 2250 kg/ha of LS in the third season to effectively guarantee the clean production of rice in three consecutive rice seasons.

Copyright © Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press. All rights reserved.京ICP备05002858号-3