Fish forewarning of comprehensive toxicity in water environment based on Bayesian sequential method


Zijian Wang , Kaifeng Rao , Li Tang , Xin Zhang , Heyu Xiang , Liang Tang , Yong Liu , Wei Wang , Jie Jiang , Mei Ma , Yiping Xu

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2021.03.035

Received March 17, 2021,Revised , Accepted March 19, 2021, Available online May 24, 2021

Volume 33,2021,Pages 150-159

Environmental impact of pollutants can be analyzed effectively by acquiring fish behavioral signals in water with biological behavior sensors. However, a variety of factors, such as the complexity of biological organisms themselves, the device error and the environmental noise, may compromise the accuracy and timeliness of model predictions. The current methods lack prior knowledge about the fish behavioral signals corresponding to characteristic pollutants, and in the event of a pollutant invasion, the fish behavioral signals are poorly discriminated. Therefore, we propose a novel method based on Bayesian sequential, which utilizes multi-channel prior knowledge to calculate the outlier sequence based on wavelet feature followed by calculating the anomaly probability of observed values. Furthermore, the relationship between the anomaly probability and toxicity is analyzed in order to achieve forewarning effectively. At last, our algorithm for fish toxicity detection is verified by integrating the data on laboratory acceptance of characteristic pollutants. The results show that only one false positive occurred in the six experiments, the present algorithm is effective in suppressing false positives and negatives, which increases the reliability of toxicity detections, and thereby has certain applicability and universality in engineering applications.

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