Unraveling SO2-tolerant mechanism over Fe2(SO4)3/TiO2 catalysts for NOx reduction

Dengsong Zhang , Chong Feng , Lupeng Han , Penglu Wang , Xiangyu Liu , Guangyuan Zhou


Received March 03, 2021,Revised , Accepted April 16, 2021, Available online May 13, 2021

Volume 34,2022,Pages 340-350

Developing low-temperature SO2-tolerant catalysts for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx is still a challenging task. The sulfation of active metal oxides and deposition of ammonium bisulfate deactivate catalysts, due to the difficult decomposition of the as-formed sulfate species at low temperatures (<300 °C). In recent years, metal sulfate catalysts have attracted increasing attention owing to their good catalytic activity and strong SO2 tolerance at higher temperatures (>300°C); however, the SO2-tolerant mechanism of metal sulfate catalysts is still ambiguous. In this study, Fe2(SO4)3/TiO2 and Ce2(SO4)3/TiO2 catalysts were prepared using the corresponding metal sulfate salt as the precursor. These catalysts were tested for their low-temperature activity and SO2 tolerance activity. Compared to Ce2(SO4)3/TiO2, Fe2(SO4)3/TiO2 showed significantly better low-temperature activity and SO2 tolerance. It was demonstrated that less surface sulfate species formed on Fe2(SO4)3/TiO2 and Ce2(SO4)3/TiO2. However, the presence of NO and O2 could assist the decomposition of NH4HSO4 over Fe2(SO4)3/TiO2 at a lower temperature, endowing Fe2(SO4)3/TiO2 with better low-temperature SO2 tolerance than Ce2(SO4)3/TiO2. This study unraveled the SO2-tolerant mechanism of Fe2(SO4)3/TiO2 at lower temperatures (<300 °C), and a potential strategy is proposed for improving the low-temperature SO2-tolerance of catalysts with Fe2(SO4)3 as the main active component or functional promoter.

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