Influence of NOx on the activity of Pd/θ-Al2O3 catalyst for methane oxidation: Alleviation of transient deactivation

Hong He , Chang Cui , Yan Zhang , Wenpo Shan , Yunbo Yu


Received March 02, 2021,Revised , Accepted April 19, 2021, Available online May 26, 2021

Volume 34,2022,Pages 38-47

Alumina supported Pd catalyst (Pd/Al2O3) is active for complete oxidation of methane, while often suffers transient deactivation during the cold down process. Herein, heating and cooling cycle tests between 200 and 900°C and isothermal experiments at 650°C were conducted to investigate the influence of NOx on transient deactivation of Pd/θ-Al2O3 catalyst during the methane oxidation. It was found that the co-fed of NO alleviated transient deactivation in the cooling ramp from 800 to 500°C, which was resulted from the in situ formation of NO2 during the process of methane oxidation. Over the Pd/θ-Al2O3, thermogravimetric analysis and O2 temperature programmed oxidation measurements confirmed that transient deactivation was due to the decomposition of PdO particles and the hysteresis of Pd reoxidation, while the metal Pd entities were less active for methane oxidation than the PdO ones. CO pulse chemisorption and scanning transmission electron microscopy characterizations rule out the NO2 effect on Pd size change. Powder X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy characterizations were used to obtain palladium status of Pd/θ-Al2O3 before and after reactions, indicating that in lean conditions at 650°C, the presence of NO2 increases the content of active PdO on the catalyst surface, thus benefits methane oxidation. Homogeneous reaction between CH4, O2, and NOx may be partially responsible for the alleviation above 650°C. The interesting research of alleviation in transient deactivation by NOx, the components co-existing in exhausts, are of great significance for the application.

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