Experimental investigation into the oxidation reactivity, morphology and graphitization of soot particles from diesel/n-octanol mixtures

Yuanqi Bai , Qiongyang Zhou , Ying Wang , Xiaochen Wang


Received December 21, 2020,Revised , Accepted May 10, 2021, Available online June 08, 2021

Volume 34,2022,Pages 218-230

Aiming to investigate the impacts of n-octanol addition on the oxidation reactivity, morphology and graphitization of diesel exhaust particles, soot samples were collected from a four-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine fueled with D100 (neat diesel fuel), DO15 (85% diesel and 15% n-octanol, V/V) and DO30 (70% diesel and 30% n-octanol, V/V). All tests were conducted at two engine speeds of 1370 and 2150 r/min under a fixed torque of 125 N·m. The soot properties were characterized by thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy (RS). The higher volatile organic fraction content, lower soot oxidation temperatures and lower activation energy from TGA results indicated that both the increasing n-octanol concentration and engine speed enhanced the soot oxidation reactivity. Additionally, quantitative analysis of TEM images showed that the soot derived from DO30 had the smallest primary particle diameters and fractal dimension, followed by those of soot produced by DO15 and D100. The RS results demonstrated that the n-octanol addition and higher engine speed led to a larger D1-FWHM (D1-full width at half maximum), AD1/AT (area ratio of D1 band and the total spectral) and AD3/AT (area ratio of D3 band and the total spectral) as well as a smaller La (crystallite width), revealing a lower degree of graphitization. Furthermore, the correlations between characterization parameters of soot properties and reactivity were nonlinear.

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