The transport and retention of CQDs-doped TiO2 in packed columns and 3D printed micromodels

Wei Jiang , Tao Sun , Jian Song , Zhen Liu


Received April 29, 2021,Revised , Accepted June 21, 2021, Available online July 10, 2021

Volume 34,2022,Pages 365-375

CQDs-doped TiO2 (C-TiO2) has drawn increased attention in recent because of its excellent catalytic performance. Understanding the transport of C-TiO2 in porous media is necessary for evaluating the environmental process of this new nanomaterial. Column experiments were used in this study to investigate ionic strength (IS), dissolved organic matter (DOM) and sand grain size on the transport of C-TiO2. The mobility of C-TiO2 was inhibited by the increased IS and decreased sand grain size, but was promoted by the increased DOM concentration. The promotion efficiency of DOM ranked as humic acid (HA) > alginate (Alg) > bovine serum albumin (BSA), which was in the same order as their ability to change surface charges. The micromodels of pore network were prepared via 3D printing to further reveal the deposition mechanisms and spatial/temporal distribution of C-TiO2 in porous space. C-TiO2 mainly attached to the upstream region of collectors because of interception. The collector ripening was observed after long-time deposition. The existence of DOM caused visible decrease of C-TiO2 deposition in the pore network. HA caused the most remarkable reduce of deposition in the three types of DOM, which was consistent with the column experiment results. This research is helpful to predict the transport of C-TiO2 in natural porous media.

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