Exposure to perfluorooctane sulfonate reduced cell viability and insulin release capacity of β cells

Lianghong Guo , Weiping Qin , Xiaomin Ren , Lixia Zhao


Received April 19, 2021,Revised , Accepted July 05, 2021, Available online August 02, 2021

Volume 34,2022,Pages 162-172

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are found to have multiple adverse outcomes on human health. Recently, epidemiological and toxicological studies showed that exposure to PFAS had adverse impacts on pancreas and showed association with insulin abnormalities. To explore how PFAS may contribute to diabetes, we studied impacts of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) on cell viability and insulin release capacity of pancreatic β cells by using in vivo and in vitro methods. We found that 28-day administration with PFOS (10 mg/(kg body weight•day)) caused reductions of pancreas weight and islet size in male mice. PFOS administration also led to lower serum insulin level both in fasting state and after glucose infusion among male mice. For cell-based in vitro bioassay, we used mouse β-TC-6 cancer cells and found 48-hr exposure to PFOS decreased the cell viability at 50 μmol/L. By measuring insulin content in supernatant, 48-hr pretreatment of PFOS (100 μmol/L) decreased the insulin release capacity of β-TC-6 cells after glucose stimulation. Although these concentrations were higher than the environmental concentration of PFOS, it might be reasonable for high concentration of PFOS to exert observable toxic effects in mice considering mice had a faster removal efficiency of PFOS than human. PFOS exposure (50 μmol/L) to β-TC-6 cells induced intracellular accumulation of reactive oxidative specie (ROS). Excessive ROS induced the reactive toxicity of cells, which eventually invoke apoptosis and necrosis. Results in this study provide evidence for the possible causal link of exposure to PFOS and diabetes risk.

Copyright © Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press. All rights reserved.京ICP备05002858号-3