Effect of Mn2+ on the phosphorus removal and bioflocculation under anoxic condition

Dezhou Wei , Xiaohui Xu , Lanhe Zhang , Xiangdong Zhang , Xiaohui Guan


Received May 06, 2021,Revised , Accepted July 12, 2021, Available online August 01, 2021

Volume 34,2022,Pages 37-46

Manganese ion (Mn2+) generated from metallurgical, steel making and chemical industries enters sewage treatment plants and affects the sludge activity and flocculation. The effect of Mn2+ on the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total phosphorus (TP) and sludge activity were investigated in anoxic zone of an anaerobic/anoxic/oxic (A2O) process. The compositions and structures of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) were characterized using three-dimensional excitation emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy (3D-EEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) to reveal the relationship among Mn2+, EPS and sludge flocculation.The results showed that low concentration of Mn2+ (<5 mg/L) improved removal efficiencies of COD and TP and increased the activity of alkaline phosphatase, acid phosphatase and dehydrogenase. Meanwhile, the addition of Mn2+ increased total EPS, sludge contact angle, Zeta potential and sludge particle size, and thus enhanced sludge flocculation. However, high concentration of Mn2+ (>10 mg/L) hindered microbial flocculation and reduced removal efficiencies of the pollutants. When Mn2+was 5 mg/L, removal efficiencies of COD and TP reached 65% and 90%, respectively. Sludge flocculation was the best and SVI was 70.56 mL/g. The changes of Mn2+ concentration caused deviation of groups’ compositions in LB-EPS and TB-EPS, where the main components were always protein (PN) and polysaccharide (PS). The addition of Mn2+ resulted in the degradation of humic acids. However, it did not give rise to significant morphology changes of EPS.

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