Ferroelectric polarization effect on the photocatalytic activity of Bi0.9Ca0.1FeO3/CdS S-scheme nanocomposites

Xing''ao Li , Yaowen Zhang , Zifei Wang , Jiangwei Zhu , Xuemin He , Hongtao Xue , Sanlong Li , Weiwei Mao , Yong Pu


Received May 13, 2021,Revised , Accepted September 16, 2021, Available online February 02, 2022

Volume 35,2023,Pages 310-318

BiFeO3 (BFO), as a kind of narrow band-gap semiconductor material, has gradually emerged advantages in the application of photocatalysis. In this paper, Ca doped BFO nanoparticles Bi0.9Ca0.1FeO3 (BCFO) were prepared by sol-gel method. And BCFO and CdS nanocomposites with two morphologies were obtained by controlling the time of loading CdS under a low temperature liquid phase process. It is found that the band gap becomes narrower after doping Ca into BFO, which is conducive to the absorption of visible light. Among all the samples, the composite of CdS nanowires and BCFO nanoparticles obtained by reaction time of 10 min has the best photocatalytic performance. The degradation rate of Methyl Orange solution was 94% after 90 min under visible light irradiation, which was much higher than that of pure BCFO and CdS. Furthermore, significant enhancement in the degradation rate (100% degradation in 60 min) can be achieved in poled samples after electric polarization process. The highest degradation rate is due to the promoted separation of photogenerated carriers induced by the internal polarization field and the formation of S-scheme heterostructure between BCFO and CdS. Such BCFO-CdS nanocomposites may bring new insights into designing highly efficient photocatalyst.

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