Preparation of hollow-fiber nanofiltration membranes of high performance for effective removal of PFOA and high resistance to BSA fouling

Changwei Zhao , Wenjing Tang , Yunyi Meng , Bin Yang , Dongyu He , Yan Li , Bojun Li , Zheming Shi


Received August 31, 2021,Revised , Accepted October 07, 2021, Available online January 31, 2022

Volume 34,2022,Pages 14-24

Nanofiltration (NF) process has become one of the most promising technologies to remove micro-organic combined water pollution. Developing a NF membrane material with efficient separation for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) combined pollution is highly desired, this manuscript targets this unmet need specifically. In this work, hydrophilic SiO2 nanoparticles with various contents blended with carboxylic multiwalled carbon nanotube were used to modify poly (m-phenylene isophthal amide) (SiO2/CMWCNT/PMIA) hollow fiber NF membrane. The modified membrane with 0.1 wt% SiO2 doping exhibits way better fouling resistance with irreversible fouling ratio decreased dramatically from 18.7% to 2.3%, and the recovery rate of water flux increases significantly from 81.2% to 97.7%. The separation experiment results had confirmed that the modified membrane could improve the rejection from 97.2% to 98.6% for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and its combined pollution with bovine serum albumin (BSA). It is clear that this reported SiO2/CMWCNT/PMIA hollow fiber NF membrane potentially could be applied in water treatment. This research also provides a theoretical basis for efficiently removal of PFOA and its combined pollution by NF membrane.

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